I'm Doug Johnson with Richard Rael. This week in our series, we begin the story of a document that defined a nation: The thirteen American colonies declared their independence from Britain in
For more information, please see the full notice. The Revolution precipitated a series of European wars, forcing the United States to articulate a clear policy of neutrality in order to avoid being embroiled in these European conflicts.
The French Revolution also influenced U. Americans hoped for democratic reforms that would solidify the existing Franco-American alliance and transform France into a republican ally against aristocratic and monarchical Britain. However, with revolutionary change also came political instability, violence, and calls for radical social change in France that frightened many Americans.
American political debate over the nature of the French Revolution exacerbated pre-existing political divisions and resulted in the alignment of the political elite along pro-French and pro-British lines. Secretary of the Treasury Alexander Hamilton led the Federalist Party, which viewed the Revolution with skepticism and sought to preserve existing commercial ties with Great Britain.
With the two most powerful members of his cabinet locked in opposition, President George Washington tried to strike a balance between the two. From tothe French Revolution became increasingly radical.
These two powers joined Austria and other European nations in the war against Revolutionary France that had already started in The United States remained neutral, as both Federalists and Democratic-Republicans saw that war would lead to economic disaster and the possibility of invasion.
This policy was made difficult by heavy-handed British and French actions. Under foreign invasion, the French Government declared a state of emergency, and many foreigners residing in France were arrested, including American revolutionary pamphleteer Thomas Paine, owing to his British birth.
Once the Terror ended in late July ofthe arrests ended, and Paine, who had been scheduled to be executed, was released. Although the French Revolution had ended its radical phase, Federalists in the United States remained wary of revolutionary ideology infiltrating the United States.
Many French citizens, refugees from the French and Haitian revolutions, had settled in American cities and remained politically active, setting up newspapers and agitating for their political causes.
A French spy, Victor Collot, traveled through the United States innoting the weaknesses in its western border. When a breakdown in diplomatic negotiations resulted in the Quasi-War with France, the Federalist-controlled Congress passed a series of laws known as the Alien and Sedition Acts, intended to curb political dissent and limit the political participation of immigrants by easing deportation and lengthening the time required for citizenship.
A number of political radicals were arrested for sedition, including Congressman Matthew Lyon and newspaper editors James Thompson Callendar and William Duane. Many refugees, sensing American hostility, chose to return to France and Haiti since the political situation had temporarily calmed in both places.
The Alien and Sedition Acts, originally intended to prevent a growth in pro-French sentiment, actually backfired for the Federalists. Taken aback by such extreme measures, swing voters in the presidential election of instead backed the pro-French Thomas Jefferson and his Democratic-Republican Party, instead of the Federalist John Adams, who was running for re-election as President.
Adams had also alienated the anti-Revolutionary wing of his party by seeking peace with France, whose revolution had already been brought to a close by General Napoleon Bonaparte. Despite Federalist warnings that electing Jefferson would bring revolution to the United States, Jefferson instead chose to distance himself from political radicals and win over political moderates.Jul 03, · And I think the reason is that the British have a complicated relationship to the Revolutionary War and to the United States, which is a place that they wanted to .
To get a better understanding of the events of the Revolutionary War, it is helpful to evaluate the strategies of the Continental army and the British army in the war and how they both planned to win. The battles and events that took place were often strategically planned with the hopes of gaining more control over a region, getting access to .
Iranian Historical & Cultural Information Center. History of Iran: The United States and Iran-Iraq War By: Stephen R.
Shalom. By the time of Ballard's last entry, in , the United States, now organized under a central, constitutional government, had a population of 10 million people. United States - The American Revolutionary War: The American Revolutionary War thus began as a civil conflict within the British Empire over colonial affairs, but, with America being joined by France in and Spain in , it became an international war.
American Revolution, also called United States War of Independence or American Revolutionary War, (–83), insurrection by which 13 of Great Britain’s North American colonies won political independence and went on to form the United States of America.